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Easter in Rome
The Ultimate Planning Guide for 2022

Thinking of spending Easter in Rome? 

Easter In RomeWatching the pope celebrate Easter at Saint Peter's basilica is one of the most special things you can do in Rome at Easter.

Easter in Rome 2021

The information below sets out everything you need to know about Easter in Rome during normal years, but of course, this year things are a little bit different!

The Vatican has confirmed that the guidelines for celebrating the Easter week will be largely the same in 2021 as they were in 2020, so the number of visitors to St Peter's Basilica and St Peter's Square will be strictly controlled.

The main celebrations will be broadcast on the Vatican's official YouTube channel online, including:

  • Palm Sunday - March 28 morning Mass in St Peter's Basilica
  • Maundy Thursday/Holy Thursday - April 1 morning Mass in St Peter's Basilica
  • Good Friday - April 2 evening Mass in St Peter's Basilica
  • Holy Saturday - April 3 evening Mass in St Peter's Basilica
  • Easter Sunday - April 4 morning Mass in St Peter's Basilica and the Urbi et Orbi blessing at noon
  • Easter Monday - April 5 noon Mass in St Peter's Basilica

In addition, the Good Friday procession to the Colosseum for the Via Crucis will not be happening, instead the Pope will perform the stations of the cross in St Peter's Basilica as he did in 2020.

Due to the current Coronavirus restrictions, which have been confirmed as being in place until at least April 30, the Vatican Museums, Colosseum and all other sites, galleries and museums in Rome remain closed to visitors over the Easter period.

Easter In RomeEaster is one of the (normally) two times a year the pope delivers his "Urbi et Orbi" speech. It means "to the city (of Rome) and to the world."

Easter in Rome - The most important things to know

Running a boutique hotel in Rome for years, I know the questions people ask when trying to decide if they will come to Rome at Easter, or avoid it.

This page will help you decide if you should come to Rome during Easter time. And if you do, you'll know what to expect. Here's everything you need to know about spending Easter in Rome:

Easter in Rome - how crowded is it?

The main thing people ask me about Easter in Rome time is how crowded it is (hint -  less than you might think).

Easter is one of the most important holidays, if not THE most important holiday in the Catholic calendar. And Rome can be famously crowded at Easter, due to all the pilgrims pouring in from around the world for the (church-related) festivities. 

Up until the early 2000's (right before the internet became many people's number one resource for trip planning), Rome used to get really crowded at Easter. 

But does that mean Rome is too crowded at Easter? Well, since the early 2000's, when every travel website said that Rome is to be avoided at Easter, guess what? Rome is NOT crowded at Easter.

Everyone listened to the online advice, and now many people avoid Rome at Easter.

That is, except the pilgrims, many of whom are students and stay at campgrounds and religious housing, which means that regular accommodation is not over-priced, nor hard to come by. How do I know this? Remember, I was in the B&B business for 17 years.

And so are many of my colleagues. And we can all tell you:

Now, Rome is very crowded the week BEFORE Easter (Holy Week), and just after. But not so much on Easter weekend.

Easter in Rome - what's the weather like?

The second thing I get asked a lot about Easter in Rome - does it always rain?

Well, nobody can predict the weather but I can tell you that, anecdotally, it seems to always rain in Rome on Easter Sunday, even just a little bit.

Easter is in spring, which can be rainy in Rome, so just be prepared.

Easter in Rome - what's closed and when

In Italy, the two biggest observed dates around Easter are Easter Sunday AND Easter Monday. Shops, banks and some restaurants are closed those days.

And since many shops, restaurants and certainly banks, are closed on Sundays anyway, you will only find yourself minorly inconvenienced by closed shops on Easter Monday. 

Main tourist sites such as the Coliseum, Roman Forum, Galleria Borghese and other archeological sites and museums keep normal hours. The Colosseum, Forum, and Palatine Hill are open on Easter Sunday and Monday, although the Colosseum will close at around noon on Good Friday to prepare for the Pope's procession there. (Yes, Good Friday is part of the Easter holiday calendar, but shops, restaurants and banks are all open on Good Friday).

As for the Vatican, of course Saint Peters' Basilica will be open throughout the Easter holiday, but the Vatican Museums (where the Sistine Chapel is), will be closed on Easter Sunday and Easter Monday.

LATE OPENINGS AT THE VATICAN MUSEUMS!

In previous years the Vatican Museums have had extended and night opening times from April through to October.

Currently they have not announced if this will be happening in 2021, but the exact schedule will be published on their official website if they do.


Easter in Rome - What to do on Easter Sunday and Monday

If you are in Rome during Easter but do not have Vatican-related activities planned, you might be wondering what to do on Sunday and Monday (which is also a holiday).

I find most people in Rome over the Easter weekend are here for just a few days, so if you want to fit in a visit to the Colosseum/Forum and the Vatican, you'll need to plan and in some cases pre-book.

When to visit the Vatican Museums over the Easter holiday

Since the Vatican Museums are closed on Sunday AND Monday, if you want to visit them and are only here for a few days, you wind up with Thursday, Friday, Saturday or the following Tuesday, as options.

Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican MuseumsCeiling of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican Museums - Michelangelo Buonarotti 1508-1512

The best thing you can do is pre-book your tickets, or book a tour. And, if go on your own (without a tour), go as late in the day as possible.

The Vatican Museums are always most crowded early in the morning. If you do not manage to book a ticket (i.e. the Vatican website shows sold-out), you can still just show up and queue (again, later in the day is better), or, book a tour.

When to visit the Colosseum over the Easter holiday

The Colosseum is open every day throughout the Easter holidays. But there are some limitations.

colosseum from the backVisiting the Colosseum is a must when in Rome - now when to go during Easter?

If the only day you can visit the Colosseum is Friday, know that on this day, Good Friday, there is a procession, the via Crucis in the evening. The whole archeological area of the Colosseum/Forum/Palatine Hill will close at 1pm, with last entry at noon. 

As you might imagine, the Colosseum will be pretty crowded on both Sunday and Monday, as people cannot visit the Vatican Museums on those days.

So to visit the Colosseum with the least stress and crowds, go at 8:30 when they open, or, 1-2 hours before last entry. From April 1, last entry is at 6pm. But make sure to give yourself plenty of time if you want to also visit the Palatine Hill and Roman Forum (3 hours more or less).

Looking for places to stay near the Colosseum? Visit our dedicated page here.

When to visit St Peter's Basilica during Easter in Rome

when to visit st peter's basilica during easterSaint Peter's Basilica in Rome - when can you visit it during Easter?

As you can imagine, St Peter's Basilica is a hub of activity and crowds throughout Easter weekend.

It is always free to visit the basilica (although you can purchase a skip-the-line ticket, which can literally save you hours). Normal opening hours during March are 7am - 6pm, and from April, 7am - 7pm.

However, during Easter in Rome, the basilica will be closed for visits during papal masses.

If you want to visit the basilica over Easter weekend, you will need to make sure the Pope is not holding mass there. There is not a specific re-opening time. They say it's "when the crowds from the mass clear out."

St Peter's Basilica will be closed during the following

  • On Palm Sunday, there will be a papal mass at 9:30am. So you should plan to visit the basilica sometime after noon.
  •  On Maundy Thursday, there will be a papal mass at 9:30am. So you should plan to visit the basilica sometime after noon.
  • Easter Friday, or Good Friday, there will be a papal mass at 5pm, so the basilica itself will close earlier than usual that day.
  • Holy Saturday, mass is at night, so the basilica will be open normally.
  • Easter Sunday, Easter Mass will be held in the square at 10am. This will be followed by the Pope's address to the crowd, Urbi et Orbi, at noon. So you will be able to visit the basilica from around 1pm.
  • Easter Monday, the Pope will hold mass at noon, so you could plan to visit the basilica sometime after about 1:30pm or so.

Other Vatican sites' opening hours during Easter

  • If you want to visit St. Peter's dome, you can visit it only when St. Peter's Basilica is open, so follow the above schedule.
  • The Vatican Gardens are closed to visitors throughout Easter, reopening the day after Easter Monday.
  • The tomb of St. Peter, also called the Vatican Necropolis, is closed during the full period of Easter celebrations.

Other Museums and Sites You can Visit during Easter in Rome

Easter In RomeGalleria Borghese. Statue of David by G.L.Bernini

The Galleria Borghese is open on Easter Sunday but closed on Easter Monday AND on the Tuesday following.

BOOK EARLY!


Easter in RomeCapitoline Museums. Capitoline Wolf


The Capitoline Museums will be open on both Sunday and Monday. 


Easter in RomeDomus Aurea Rome

The Domus Aurea is open on Easter weekend (Saturday and Sunday only.)

BOOK EARLY!


Easter in RomeDoria Pamphili Gallery

The Doria Pamphilj Gallery is a stunning, often over-looked (and un-crowded) museum right in the center of Rome, between the Trevi Fountain and the Pantheon (also open.)

It's open daily from 9am until 7pm. 12€ and you get an audio-guide with the voice of Prince Pamphilj himself giving you a tour.

For more things to do, check my page about Rome in April for current shows and exhibits, almost all open on Easter Sunday and Monday.


The perfect 3-day itinerary in Rome

Trying to figure out how to organize your visit to Rome? I've got the perfect 3-day itinerary for first-time visitors (or those who have not been here in a while.) It works for a 2.5 day visit as well.

In my 3-day itinerary, you'll see all the major must-see Rome attractions like the Vatican, Colosseum, Trevi Fountain, Pantheon, Piazza Navona, Spanish Steps, Castel Sant'Angelo, and much more.

And if you have more time, or want suggestions for extra/other things to do, you'll find that there too.

Visit my page with the best 3-day itinerary in Rome for first-timers.


Easter in Rome - Vatican Masses and Events

Easter in Rome - the Lenten season

Ash Wednesday in Rome

Ash Wednesday, which marks the beginning of Lent, is actually the very first part of the Easter holiday. In 2021, Ash Wednesday falls on February 17.

According to the Vatican's website, Pope Francis will celebrate Ash Wednesday in Rome at:

  • Church of Sant’Anselmo, at 16.30 - Penitential rites. From there, the Pope will walk to:
  • Santa Sabina, at 17:00 -Holy Mass, Blessing and Imposition of the Ashes

If you want to attend the mass, you will need tickets. Here's how to request them.

NOTE: If you cannot get tickets to this mass, you may wish to try getting tickets to the Papal Audience, which will also be held on the morning of Ash Wednesday in Saint Peter's Square. Same link as above.

Easter in RomeSanta Sabina Church on the Aventine Hill - one of the prettiest and oldest churches in Rome

Easter in Rome - schedule of religious events during Holy Week

The following outlines all the events during Holy Week in Rome, starting with Palm Sunday and finishing 8 days later with Easter Monday.

In most cases, the Pope will preside over the masses and vigils, but it's always possible that some factor will prevent the Pope from attending. 

To see detailed and updated information about Vatican events over Easter, visit the Vatican website. Click the link for the Calendar, and go to the month in question (it's only updated a couple of months in advance).

Do you want to attend church services for Easter in Rome in English?

Visit AngloInfo for a pretty complete listing.

Palm Sunday - Mass in Saint Peter's Square

Easter in RomePope Francis celebrating Palm Sunday in Vatican Square - photo courtesy of Fox News

Easter week begins the Sunday before Easter, on Palm Sunday. The Pope holds a special mass in Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City.

Starting at 9:30 in Saint Peter's Square, there is a Blessing of the Palms and Holy Mass. In 2021, the date of Palm Sunday is March 28.

It's free to attend this mass but you need a ticket. Get there early, be prepared to stand for a long time, and be prepared for crowds. 

During Easter in Rome, where palm trees are not that plentiful, olive tree branches are used instead. They symbolize peace and are representative of local culture.

Easter in RomeOlive branches used in Rome for Palm Sunday

Holy Thursday - Good chance to see the Pope with fewer crowds

On Holy Thursday, also called Maundy Thursday, the Pope will perform a morning mass in the Saint Peter's Basilica, 9:30am. This is an unusual Mass as it's one of the rare ones during the year held in the morning. And, it's probably your best chance at seeing the Pope with a slightly smaller crowd than you will find on Palm or Easter Sunday. In 2021, Maundy Thursday falls on April 1.

On Thursday evening at 5:30pm, there is a second papal mass, the Mass of the Lord’s Supper, held in Basilica of St. John Lateran, to commemorate Christ’s bathing of the Apostles’ feet.

Good Friday - the via Crucis

On Good Friday there is a Papal Mass in Saint Peter's Basilica at 5pm. In 2021, Good Friday falls on April 2.

At 9:15pm, the Pope leads the stations of the cross, or Via Crucis, near the Colosseum. This ritual procession commemorates the fourteen stages of Christ's passion.

At each station, the Pope reads a meditation in various languages. All the while, you can view a huge cross with burning lights. This can be a very moving and unique experience during Easter in Rome, even if you are not religious.

Easter in RomeThe via Crucis at the Colosseum on Good Friday. Photo courtesy of Repubblica.it

Yes, you can visit the Colosseum on Good Friday.

But it will close early in preparation of the procession. Usually it closes by 1pm, with last entry at noon.

So on Good Friday, if you want to visit the Ancient Rome sites, your best bet is to go early when they open.

Why not take a morning tour to be sure to cover what you want to see in time

Easter Saturday, or Holy Saturday

At 8:30pm, the pope will hold an Easter Vigil in Saint Peter's Basilica. During this service adult converts to Catholicism are officially welcomed into the Church.

Easter in RomeSaint Peters basilica in the early evening

Easter Sunday

The Pope will lead Easter Mass in front of Saint Peter's Basilica. The service begins at 10:15am, but if you have a ticket and plan on going, you should arrive much earlier than that.

pope francis leading easter massPope Francis leading Easter Mass at St. Peter's Basilica

After the mass, at noon, the Pope will come out onto the central loggia of Saint Peter's Basilica, and deliver the blessing known as the Urbi et Orbi - "to the City and to the World". (He does this twice a year: at Easter and Christmas.) You do need tickets to mass, but not to watch the Urbi et Orbi.

In 2021, Easter Sunday falls on April 4.

pope frances delivers the urbi et orbi speechPope Francis delivering the "Urbi et Orbi" speech at Easter

Easter Mass at the Vatican - View From Above

In 2018, I was fortunate to attend Easter Mass at St. Peter's Basilica, with Pope Francis presiding. We had incredible seats, on the Colonnade above, so we got to see everything.

That's why some of the photos on this page (taken and copyrighted by me), give such a clear view.

Easter Monday

Easter Monday, called Pasquetta, is also a holiday in Italy, and shops, banks and some restaurants will be closed.

Many Romans see this day as a fun day, for a picnic, barbecue or lunch with friends. 

If you like, you may attend the Easter Monday address by the Pope in Saint Peter's Square at noon. It's free and no tickets are required.

This is not something you can normally do, but one year I had the good fortune to be invited to attend Vespers in the Sistine Chapel:

How to get tickets to Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday masses at the Vatican

It's free to attend all the masses at the Vatican listed above (Palm Sunday Mass, Chrismal Mass on Holy Thursday, Papal Mass on Good Friday, Holy Saturday Mass and Easter Sunday Mass) but tickets are required.

Easter in RomeTicket required for attending Easter Mass at the Vatican

You do not need tickets to attend the Pope's procession of the via Crucis at the Coliseum.

Click here to visit the Prefecture of the Papal Household, where you can download the form to fill out. You just need to fax it in and wait to hear back. You will get an answer only if you are granted tickets. They will let you know when and where to pick them up.

Alternatively, you may send an email with your request to the Pontifical North American College. Send email to visitorsoffice@pnac.org.

Having a ticket to a Papal Mass does not guarantee a seat or even a place.

Seating and space is given on a first-come, first-serve basis. Even if you have tickets to a Papal Mass, you should plan to get there early. If you have a ticket, and arrive and there is no more space, you will not be allowed in. You may still observe the mass but from quite far away.


Easter in Rome - what and where to eat

What to Eat during Easter in Rome

Easter in RomeEaster "Dove" cake at a bakery in the Monti neighborhood

Easter Sunday marks the end of Lent, so it's time to feast!

Easter Sunday lunch typically features lamb, or abbacchio, and Roman artichokes. For dessert, there is a typical cake that's supposed to be in the shape of a dove, or colomba, although to me it just looks like a rounded cross. And of course, there are the chocolate easter eggs, sometimes with a treat inside.

Easter in RomeTypical Easter Sunday menu at a restaurant near the Vatican
Easter in RomeGorgeous Easter treats at a Sicilian pastry shop in Rome, "Nonna Vincenza" near Parliament

Where to Eat in Rome at Easter

Eating on Easter Sunday in Rome

Normally, I'd make a page with a list of restaurants open in Rome on Easter but really, it's not that difficult. Many Rome restaurants are open on Easter Sunday and Monday, except for those that usually close those days of the week anyway.

If you want a traditional Easter Sunday lunch, you should try some Roman restaurants that will be sure to have lamb, potatoes and artichokes. Some examples include Flavio Al Velavevodetto in Testaccio, Cesare al Casaletto at the end of the 8 tram line, past Trastevere; Romolo e Remo near San Giovanni, and Piccolo Arancio near the Trevi fountain. You should note that most of these restaurants will get booked up by locals, so book early.

Eating on Easter Monday in Rome

Most Romans think of Easter Monday as a day for a picnic or barbecue, and head to a park or even the beach. So while you can choose a restaurant for eating lunch this day, you might want to do as the Romans do: pack a lunch and head to a park in Rome for a spring picnic.

Easter in RomeA sunny spring day in the villa Borghese park - ideal for a picnic on Easter Monday


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